If you have already put in the hours in vimtutor you will soon be looking for an autocomplete feature to use in vim. This is where CoC shines. CoC stands for Conquer of Completion. It is a Language Server Protocol client that is used for language-specific autocompletion. With CoC, you can be even faster in vim. But first we’ll need to install a plugin manager in vim. So let’s get going and see how to setup CoC in vim.
Install a plugin manager in Vim
To install any plugins in vim, you will first need a plugin manager. Since installing plugins manually is a very tedious job and you will have to copy and paste all of the files manually to very specific directories and sub-directories. There are many plugin managers for vim like vim-plug, pathogen, vundle etc. In this article, we’ll be going through the installation of vim-plug. If you want to check out how to install vundle you can check out this article.
To install vim-plug you will need to visit this link which is the official vim-plug github repo, and copy the plug.vim in a directory named autoload inside your vim configuration folder (which usually resides in the home folder and is name .vim). Next you will need to create a directory structure for the plugins to be installed correctly. The directory structure is given below:
.vim ├── autoload ├── backup ├── colors ├── plugged └── templates
Make sure to keep your plug.vim file inside the autoload directory. Now to install plugins you need to follow a proper format and make some changes to your .vimrc file. Normally the .vimrc file is located in the home directory. So open up the .vimrc file with your favourite editor ( say vim 😉 ), and go to the end of the file. Now type in the following to install your favourite plugins:
call plug#begin('~/.vim/plugged') Plug 'preservim/nerdtree' Plug 'jiangmiao/auto-pairs' call plug#end()
This will keep all of the plugins inside the plugged folder which is in the .vim folder. Now save the file and quit out of vim. Next, launch vim and give the following command:
This will install the plugins you have mentioned in the vimrc and take care of everything else. Now when you reload vim (that is close out and open it again), all of your plugins will be in work. Notice that you only need to mention the github username and the repository name in order to install a plugin, this is super useful. For a more detailed info about vim-plug you can check out this article.
Install CoC in vim
Before installing coc, you will need to make sure that you have the necessary dependencies on your system, namely vim 8 and above and node version 14.14 and above. You will also need yarn to be installed on your system. To check if it is installed or not, give the following command:
And if you do not have yarn installed on your system, you can give the following command to install yarn globally:
npm install --global yarn
Now we need to install CoC in vim for that, simply include the following line in your vimrc and give the command “:PlugInstall”
Now we will not be using only coc.nvim, we will still need a few additional packages, so to do that, insert the following into your vimrc, otherwise you can skip this step:
Plug 'neoclide/coc.nvim' Plug 'rafi/awesome-vim-colorschemes' Plug 'ap/vim-css-color' Plug 'SirVer/ultisnips' Plug 'honza/vim-snippets' Plug 'preservim/nerdtree' Plug 'jiangmiao/auto-pairs' Plug 'tpope/vim-unimpaired'
Now if you run the PlugInstall command, there will be an error popping up which will say that you need to run yarn install inside the coc.nvim directory. After this finishes up, you can go ahead and do that.
Now in order for coc to work, there are a number of configurations, discussing all of these configurations is beyond the scope of this article however, my preferred .vimrc is given below, feel free to use that!
"CoC Settings " Use tab for trigger completion with characters ahead and navigate. " NOTE: Use command ':verbose imap <tab>' to make sure tab is not mapped by " other plugin before putting this into your config. inoremap <silent><expr> <TAB> \ pumvisible() ? "\<C-n>" : \ <SID>check_back_space() ? "\<TAB>" : \ coc#refresh() inoremap <expr><S-TAB> pumvisible() ? "\<C-p>" : "\<C-h>" function! s:check_back_space() abort let col = col('.') - 1 return !col || getline('.')[col - 1] =~# '\s' endfunction " Make <CR> to accept selected completion item or notify coc.nvim to format " <C-g>u breaks current undo, please make your own choice. inoremap <silent><expr> <CR> coc#pum#visible() ? coc#pum#confirm() \: "\<C-g>u\<CR>\<c-r>=coc#on_enter()\<CR>" "Ultisnips Settings let g:UltiSnipsExpandTrigger="<tab>" let g:UltiSnipsJumpForwardTrigger="<c-b>" let g:UltiSnipsJumpBackwardTrigger="<c-z>" " If you want :UltiSnipsEdit to split your window. let g:UltiSnipsEditSplit="vertical" "coc-snippets Settings "inoremap <silent><expr> <TAB> " \ coc#pum#visible() ? coc#_select_confirm() : " \ coc#expandableOrJumpable() ? "\<C-r>=coc#rpc#request('doKeymap', ['snippets-expand-jump',''])\<CR>" : " \ CheckBackspace() ? "\<TAB>" : " \ coc#refresh() " "function! CheckBackspace() abort " let col = col('.') - 1 " return !col || getline('.')[col - 1] =~# '\s' "endfunction " "let g:coc_snippet_next = '<tab>'
Now that coc is installed, you can go ahead and install some plugins specific for coc to work with. This is where you install all of the language-specific plugins inside coc. To install any plugin, you will be required torun the following command in vim:
I recommend the following packages for front-end development and using the vim-snippets and ultisnips in accordance with coc. By this method you can even customise your snippets!
:CocInstall coc-tsserver coc-eslint coc-json coc-prettier coc-css coc-html coc-snippets
The result of these setting discussed in this article can be viewed in the following picture.
So there you go readers! You can now easily setup autocompletion for vim and finally ditch the bloated IDEs. Just kidding, you can choose whatever software you see fit. If you are looking for more configuration of the CoC plugin, you can check out this link. And as always, thanks for reading!