In this module, we are going to learn how we can do so on Linux using proxychains and Tor. The internet can be a scary place at times and one can never be too careful on the web. Sometimes, it is advised to be as anonymous on the web as possible.
What Are Proxychains ?
Proxychains is a UNIX program that helps us to redirect our network traffic so as to hide our true IP address. It redirects our TCP connections through several proxies like TOR, SOCKS4, SOCKS5, and HTTP(S).
Proxychains also allow us to chain proxy servers for greater anonymity and can also be instrumental in evading IDS/IPS and Firewalls.
First we need to install some dependencies with the apt command
$ sudo apt install tor proxychains4
Next up, switch to root user with :
$ sudo -i
Once root, first we need to enable tor service with :
# systemctl start tor
You can also check the if tor is running successfully or not with :
# systemctl status tor ● tor.service - Anonymizing overlay network for TCP Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/tor.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled) Active: active (running) since Wed 2021-03-17 19:51:08 IST; 3h 33min ago Process: 45902 ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/tor -f /etc/tor/torrc --verify-config (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Main PID: 45904 (tor) Tasks: 1 (limit: 4590) Memory: 37.2M CGroup: /system.slice/tor.service └─45904 /usr/bin/tor -f /etc/tor/torrc
We need to make some changes to the configuration files used by proxychains. The file is located at /etc/proxychains.conf so open it using your favorite text editor :
1. Enabling Dynamic Chains
To enable dynamic_chain you need to :
- Uncomment the line “dynamic_chain”
- Comment out “strict_chain”, “round_robin_chain” and “random_chain”
2. Prevent DNS Leaks
To prevent DNS leaks which would help us in going completely anonymous on the web :
- Uncomment “proxy_dns”
This will prevent any DNS Leaks and help us go completely anonymous on the web.
3. Add SOCKS5 Proxy
At the end of the file add the following line to enable SOCKS5 Proxy :
socks5 127.0.0.1 9050
Note: Make sure the line
socks4 127.0.0.1 9050 has been uncommented while using tor.
Adding Extra Layer Of Proxies
You can also add additional layers of proxy services like HTTP/HTTPS proxy and such by adding them to the end of the file in the format :
<protocol> <IP Of Proxy Server> <Port>
Once you have made your changes, save and exit the file.
Running Proxy Chains
First, check your Public IP with :
$ curl ifconfig.me
Next, start proxy chains with :
$ proxychains firefox www.google.com
This should spawn a firefox tab with Google
You can test for DNS Leaks here. You should see an IP different than your original IP which is an indicator that proxychains was successful in doing what we intended it to do.
As we can see, not only is our IP spoofed, but also our location cannot be determined by the website.
Thus we saw how to go anonymous on the web and secure our privacy online. Proxychains can also be integrated with security tools like Nmap and Burpsuite and often helps in evading IDS, IPS and Firewalls.