Sharing Folders Over LAN in Ubuntu

Sharing Folders Over LAN In Ubuntu

Nobody wants to waste their precious time while they transfer files, documents, and other large stuff. So we are here with a tutorial to share files quickly and easily, over the local network. It’s a one-time setup and then you will be able to share files between local machines.

  • To share a folder on the local network right-click the folder you want to share and choose local network share.
  • Click on “share this folder”
  • Click on “install service” (if prompted)
Install Service
Install Service
  • Enter your password
  • Now share the folder
Share your desired folder
Share your desired folder
  • Click create share and permissions automatically
If it is shared then this Icon Appears
If it is shared then this Icon Appears

Finding the IP address and connecting other devices

Now to find your IP address run the ifconfig command in the machine where the file resides:

sudo ifconfig

Look for the line starting with inet 192.168.29.XX. This will be your IP address. Now on another machine go to the file manager and visit Local Network where you can add network addresses. Type in your IP address in the following syntax and click on connect.


Sharing files using vsftpd

We can also share files using a simple FTP server and connect to it through file managers that support FTP. For this purpose vsftpd is the simplest server to set up. To install vsftpd type in the following command:

sudo apt install vsftpd

Now we will need to configure vsftpd. To do this type in the following command in a terminal window:

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf

Now delete everything and paste the following content into the file:

# Example config file /etc/vsftpd.conf
# The default compiled in settings are fairly paranoid. This sample file
# loosens things up a bit, to make the ftp daemon more usable.
# Please see vsftpd.conf.5 for all compiled in defaults.
# READ THIS: This example file is NOT an exhaustive list of vsftpd options.
# Please read the vsftpd.conf.5 manual page to get a full idea of vsftpd's
# capabilities.
# Run standalone?  vsftpd can run either from an inetd or as a standalone
# daemon started from an initscript.
# This directive enables listening on IPv6 sockets. By default, listening
# on the IPv6 "any" address (::) will accept connections from both IPv6
# and IPv4 clients. It is not necessary to listen on *both* IPv4 and IPv6
# sockets. If you want that (perhaps because you want to listen on specific
# addresses) then you must run two copies of vsftpd with two configuration
# files.
# Allow anonymous FTP? (Disabled by default).
# Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
# Uncomment this to enable any form of FTP write command.
# Default umask for local users is 077. You may wish to change this to 022,
# if your users expect that (022 is used by most other ftpd's)
# Uncomment this to allow the anonymous FTP user to upload files. This only
# has an effect if the above global write enable is activated. Also, you will
# obviously need to create a directory writable by the FTP user.
# Uncomment this if you want the anonymous FTP user to be able to create
# new directories.
# Activate directory messages - messages given to remote users when they
# go into a certain directory.
# If enabled, vsftpd will display directory listings with the time
# in  your  local  time  zone.  The default is to display GMT. The
# times returned by the MDTM FTP command are also affected by this
# option.
# Activate logging of uploads/downloads.
# Make sure PORT transfer connections originate from port 20 (ftp-data).
# If you want, you can arrange for uploaded anonymous files to be owned by
# a different user. Note! Using "root" for uploaded files is not
# recommended!
# You may override where the log file goes if you like. The default is shown
# below.
# If you want, you can have your log file in standard ftpd xferlog format.
# Note that the default log file location is /var/log/xferlog in this case.
# You may change the default value for timing out an idle session.
# You may change the default value for timing out a data connection.
# It is recommended that you define on your system a unique user which the
# ftp server can use as a totally isolated and unprivileged user.
# Enable this and the server will recognise asynchronous ABOR requests. Not
# recommended for security (the code is non-trivial). Not enabling it,
# however, may confuse older FTP clients.
# By default the server will pretend to allow ASCII mode but in fact ignore
# the request. Turn on the below options to have the server actually do ASCII
# mangling on files when in ASCII mode.
# Beware that on some FTP servers, ASCII support allows a denial of service
# attack (DoS) via the command "SIZE /big/file" in ASCII mode. vsftpd
# predicted this attack and has always been safe, reporting the size of the
# raw file.
# ASCII mangling is a horrible feature of the protocol.
# You may fully customise the login banner string:
#ftpd_banner=Welcome to blah FTP service.
# You may specify a file of disallowed anonymous e-mail addresses. Apparently
# useful for combatting certain DoS attacks.
# (default follows)
# You may restrict local users to their home directories.  See the FAQ for
# the possible risks in this before using chroot_local_user or
# chroot_list_enable below.
# You may specify an explicit list of local users to chroot() to their home
# directory. If chroot_local_user is YES, then this list becomes a list of
# users to NOT chroot().
# (Warning! chroot'ing can be very dangerous. If using chroot, make sure that
# the user does not have write access to the top level directory within the
# chroot)
# (default follows)
# You may activate the "-R" option to the builtin ls. This is disabled by
# default to avoid remote users being able to cause excessive I/O on large
# sites. However, some broken FTP clients such as "ncftp" and "mirror" assume
# the presence of the "-R" option, so there is a strong case for enabling it.
# Customization
# Some of vsftpd's settings don't fit the filesystem layout by
# default.
# This option should be the name of a directory which is empty.  Also, the
# directory should not be writable by the ftp user. This directory is used
# as a secure chroot() jail at times vsftpd does not require filesystem
# access.
# This string is the name of the PAM service vsftpd will use.
# This option specifies the location of the RSA certificate to use for SSL
# encrypted connections.

# Uncomment this to indicate that vsftpd use a utf8 filesystem.

Save and exit the file. Now to check whether the FTP server is running type in the following command:

sudo systemctl status vsftpd

If the service isn’t active, activate it using the following command:

sudo systemctl start vsftpd

To access the files through another device we will download an app on our phone that supports ftp. You can use any file manager on any device that supports ftp. We will be using this app. Launch the app and go to the Network tab.

Network Tab
Network Tab

Now add in a new device through the plus sign, To do this, you will need the ip address of the device running the vsftpd server and the username and password of your user in that device. Once you put in all the details simply press OK, your device will be remembered. Now browse through the files through this service. You can also upload files remotely using this config.

Browse Upload Download Files
Browse Upload Download Files


Voila! You have found a way to share and configure files over the network. With a bit of port-forwarding knowledge now you will be able to access your files over the world! But in this article, we come to an end, thanks for reading.